AARES Conference 2001

45th AARES Conference
Adelaide, SA, 23-25 January 2001
Photos from the 45th AARES Conference in Adelaide are available here.

Plenary and Invited Papers

Below is a list of invited papers. Copies of the full papers may be obtained by email to the AARES Office Manager.

Opening Plenary

Kym Anderson, University of AdelaideWine Economics

Presidential Address

David Pannell, University of Western AustraliaDryland Salinity

Allan Lloyd Address

Bruce Gardner, University of Maryland, USAHow U.S. Agriculture Learned to Grow

Invited Speaker Session on "River Basin Management"

Ray Challen, University of Western Australia 
Mark Rosegrant, IFPRI 

Invited Speaker Session on "Farm Finance"

Peter Barry, University of Illinois, USA 

Invited Speaker Session on "EU Policy Change: Prospects and Implications"

Tim Josling, Stanford University, USA 
Jo Swinnen, EU Commission 

Invited Speaker Session on "Marine Reserves"

Jim Wilen, University of California - Davis, USA 

Contributed Papers

Below is a list of contributed papers (in alphabetical order by authors surname). Copies of the full papers may be obtained by email to the AARES Office Manager.
Joni M.M. Aji, Maria Fay Rola-Rubzen and Peter J. BattFactors Influencing Farmers’ Decision to Purchase Seed Potatoes in East Java
Chris M. AlaouzeThe effect of the non-market component of standing value on the optimal forest rotation
I. Ambarawati, Gusti Agung Ayu, Garry R. Griffith, and Hui-Shung Chang/strong>Issues In Developing The Bali Cattle Industry
Kym AndersonWhere in the world is the wine industry going?
Nicole Ballenger and Susan OffuttShould Governments Support Food Product Differentiation Schemes?
Maksudul Bari and Inder Pal SinghRegional Expenditure Patterns and Its Implications for the Economy: A Case Study in Far West New South Wales
Peter BarryFarm Finance
Stephen Beare and Anna HeaneyStochastic control for managing animal and plant disease
Brian A. BellTrust Funds for improved governance and economic performance in developing countries
Milton Boyd and Gary WarkentineInitial Price Policy of Canadian Wheat Board and Declining Barley Exports
John P. Brennan and Deirdre LemerleEconomics of increasing crop cultivar competitiveness as a weed control weapon
Lisa Brennan, Peter Carberry, and Zvi HochmanCan agribusiness utilise better information on climate variability?
Arthur Buckingham, Maksudul Bari, Tissa Yatawara, Inder Pal Singh, and Paramjit KaurRegional Economic Impacts of Adjusting Water Use to Sustainable Groundwater Yields: A Case Study in the Namoi Valley, New South Wales
L.J. Butler and Irene HenriquesAdoption and Diffusion of Biotechnology: rbST in California
S. Cagatay and R. LattimoreImpacts of Trade Liberalization on New Zealand’s Agricultural Supply Response: A Counter Factual Analysis
Liangyue Cao, Ahmed Hafi, and Nico KlijnThe specification of the length of the planning period and the terminal value of the fish stock in a bio-economic model of a fishery exploiting a long lived species
Lisa Chapman, Stephen Beare, and Rosalyn BellManaging biological uncertainty in the northern prawn fishery
D.P Chaudhri and Ed WilsonAgricultural Growth, Employment And Poverty: Heoretical And Empirical Explorations With Indian Data (1970-1993)
Chen Chunlai and Christopher FindlayThe development of China’s grain marketing system
Tim Coelli, Sanzidur Rahman, and Colin ThirtleTechnical, Allocative, Cost and Scale Efficiency in Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh: A Non-Parametric Approach
David Cook and Rob FraserExploring the Regional and Size-Related Implications of Interstate Quarantine Policies for WA Fruit and Vegetable Growers
Venton CookMeasuring the value of the SA Food Industry - A Revenue Approach
Don Cooper, John Bartle, Steven Schilizzi, and David PannellCan oil mallees in south west Australia be a profitable option for salinity control
D. Cordina, J. Crean, and T. BrillMeeting the MDBC Cap in the Barwon-Darling Catchment
Lin Crase, Brian Dollery, and Mike LockwoodTowards an Understanding of Inter-Temporal Transaction Costs in Water Markets
Jim CrosthwaitePolicy formulation - the duty of care and putting the farm first
Jim Crosthwaite and Bill MalcolmCase studies and remnant vegetation management
Richard DamainaTrade and the Political Economy of Renewable Resource Management
Alyssa Dodd, Catherine Halbrendt, Charles Nicholson, Wei Zhang, and Budy P. ResosudarmoFarm-Level Financial Impacts of Controlling Phosphorus Loading to Surface Water: Dairy Farms in Vermont
Gerald A. DoeksenThe Importance of the Health Sector to Rural Economic Development
Peter Donaghy and John RolfeDavid vs Goliath: the bifurcation of public policy concerning organic agriculture and biotechnology in Queensland
Trevor Tym Duncanson and Steven SchilizziDrought Risk: Have Economic Benefits from Bluegum Plantations in South West Australia been Overestimated
Brenda Dyack and Ellen GoddardThe Rise of Red and the Wane of White: The demand for wine in Ontario, Canada
Mark EigenraamThe Application of Dynamic Programming to Issues of Sustainability
Cheng Fang and John C. BeghinUrban Demand for Edible Oils and Fats in China Evidence from Household Survey Data
Shenggen Fan, Linxiu Zhang, and Xiaobo ZhangGrowth and Poverty in Rural China: The Role of Public Investments
Terence FarrellModeling Meat Quality Attributes
Adam FfordeVietnamese Farmers' Organisations
Rob FraserUsing Principal-Agent Theory to Deal with Output Slippage in the European Union Set-Aside Policy
Lana FriesenTargeting Enforcement to Improve Compliance With Environmental Regulations
Zhong Funing, Xu Zhigang, and Fu LongboAn Alternative Approach to Measure Regional Comparative Advantage in Chinese Agriculture
Qi-Jie GaoDevelopment of Dairy Industry in China
Bruce GardnerHow US Agriculture learned to grow: Causes and Contributions
John Gilbert and Thomas WahlAgricultural Trade Liberalization in China: A CGE Assessment Incorporating Open and Disguised Unemployment
Robert GillespieMulti-Criteria Analysis: A critique from an economists perspective
Juliet Gilmour and Bill WatsonAn Integrated Modelling approach for assessing water allocation rules
Joseph W. Glauber and Clare A. NarrodA Rational Risk Policy for Regulating Plant Diseases and Pests
Paul GrahamAustralian energy sector: An application
William E. Griffiths, Lisa S. Newton, and Christopher J. O’DonnellPredictive Densities for Shire Level Wheat Yield in Western Australia
Oliver GylesEconomic aspects of some groundwater disposal options for irrigated dairy farms: A preliminary evaluation
Oliver GylesWater use efficiency at the farm and regional level: The economics of response and the Furphy of excellence
Ahmed Hafi, Fiona Alexander, and Adrian KempA model of the Murrumbidgee Irrigation System: integrating on-farm water use, off-farm delivery system and the activities of the water authority
Anna Heaney and Stephen BeareEvaluating salinity management options in the Mallee irrigation area, South Australia
Ben B. HendersonEstimating the Technical Efficiency (TE) of Western Australian (WA) Broad Acre Farms
Tracy M. HendersonR&D expenditure, R&D evaluation, and the advent of collaborative R&D. With reference to the Australian sugar industry
Christine M. Hill, Tissa Yatawara, and Mark ForemanEconomic impacts of environmental flows in the Adelong Creek Catchment, NSW
Ziaul Hoque, Martin Dillon, Bob Farquharson, and Greg KauterModelling and evaluating alternative management strategies for insecticide resistance in the Australian cotton industry
Ken Hughey, Geoff Kerr, Ross Cullen, and Ali MemonEvaluation of Externality Management Instruments in Marine Fisheries
Ben Jacobsen and Thilak MallawaarachchiPolicy Issues in Protected Area Management: An Examination of Dugong Protection
Jennifer S. James and Julian M. AlstonEmpirical Evidence of Quality Responses to Commodity Policies: Wheat Policy in France
Sallie JamesConsumer attitudes to GM foods: some preliminary results from Western Australia
Ian JarrattDemand for, and supply of, farmer association services in Queensland
R. Jayasuriya and J. CreanEvaluation of Environmental flow rules in the Murrumbidgee Valley
Jian Jiang, Nicholas E. Piggott, and Michael K. WohlgenantTrade Policy Changes in China: Implications for the U.S. Soybean Sector
Michele John, Ross Kingwell, Steve Schilizzi, and David PannellThe economics of lucerne as an option for dryland salinity control in low rainfall environments
Robin JohnsonFurther reflections on Williamson's New Institutional Economics
Ann Jones and Nicola LansdellEnvironmental labelling: Theory and practice
Tarun Kanti Kundu and Isao KatoEconomic Effects of Land Infrastructure on Agricultural Production: A Study in a Northwest Area of Bangladesh with Special Reference to Farm Performances
Maximilian M.J. Kapa, Maria Fay Rola-Rubzen, and Martin BentModels of Small Ruminant Production in Small Scale Dryland Farming Systems in West Timor, Indonesia
Graeme KelleherThe contribution of marine protection areas to ESD
Adrian Kemp, Fiona Alexander, and Ahmed HafiBenefits of increased irrigation efficiency in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area
Geoff KerrContingent Valuation Elicitation Effects: Revisiting the Payment Card
Geoff Kerr, Basil Sharp, and Paul WhiteNon-marketed Impacts of Groundwater Extraction
Ross Kingwell and Brad PlunkettNew Generation Co-operatives in Australia: Principles and Practicalities
Dailin KularatneEvaluating the economic benefits of salinity management in irrigated agriculture
R.A. Letcher, W.D. Watson, and N. HallAn integrated model for water allocation in the Namoi River: economic module
R.K. Lindner, M.P. Burton, S. James, and J. PluskeIdentity preservation, market segmentation and market power: welfare effects of GM technology introduction in agriculture
Bith-Hong LingMeasuring Wine Market Performance in the European Union
Adam Loch, John Rolfe, Jill Windle, and Jeff BennettIrrigation Development in the Fitzroy basin- assessing the environmental tradeoffs
T.G. MacAulay, G. Hertzler, and S.P. MarshModelling Vietnamese households: A simple economic model of a village
Ian MacDonaldThe Importance of Pre-commitment in International Environmental Agreements
Scott A. MalcolmSequential Land Acquisition Decisions for Nature Reserves under Acquisition and Population Uncertainty
Thilak Mallawaarachchi, Mark Morrison, and Russell BlameyEthical Design of Stated Preference Questionnaires: Results from a Split-Sample Test
Thilak Mallawaarachchi, Mark Morrison, and Russell BlameyDetermining the community value of peri-urban land: The significance of environmental amenity and production alternatives
Thilak Mallawaarachchi, George Rayment, Freeman Cook, and Mike GrundyExternalities in cane production and environmental best practice
Andrew MansonAn overview of public intervention in the primary industry and resource sectors of the South Australian economy
David MarchantPersonality Traits, Financial Risk Management Competencies, and Dairy Farmers
Mary A. MarchantInternational Trade And Foreign Direct Investment By The U.S. Food Processing Industry
S.P. Marsh and T.G. MacAulayLand reform and the development of commercial agriculture in Vietnam: Policy and issues
Thomas L. Marsh and Nicholas E. PiggottImpacts of Food Safety on U.S. Meat Demand
Laura McCannTransaction Costs of Agri-Environmental Policies in Vietnam
Steve McCorriston and Donald MacLarenThe Trade Distorting Effect of Single Desk Exporting State Trading Enterprises
M. Monjardino, D.J. Pannell, and S. PowlesThe economics of integrated weed management
M. Morrison and J. BennettTransferring Environmental Value Estimates across NSW Rivers
Laurel MyersThe role of economists in formulating Australian agricultural policy in the 1960s
Marthin Nanere and Iain FraserTotal Factor Productivity (TFP): Weak Sustainability Approach
Barry Naughten and Ken NobleLeast cost contributions to meeting the 'Mandated' target for renewables-based electricity generation
Chantal Nielsen and Kym AndersonHow do agricultural policies in Europe affect the size and distribution of global benefits from GMO technology?
Tom Nordblom, Randall Jones, and Richard MeddBest Efficacy-Targeting Strategies for herbicides? A simulation analysis
Tom Nordblom, Matthew Smyth, Anthony Swirepik, Andy Sheppard, and David BrieseBiological control for Echium species of pasture weeds in Australia, including Paterson’s curse / Salvation Jane / Riverina bluebell: simulation of insect attack, spread and economic benefit streams for benefit-cost analysis
Doreen Odom, G.R. Griffith, and J.A. SindenUsing Aerial Mapping to Analyse the Density and Spread of Scotch Broom
Doreen Odom, J.A. Sinden, Oscar Cacho, and G.R. GriffithStrategies for Controlling Weeds in Natural Ecosystems: A Dynamic Optimisation Approach
David PannellDryland salinity: Inevitable, inequitable, intractable?
Catherine Paul, J. Morrison, and James M. MacDonaldTracing the Effects of Agricultural Commodity Prices on Food Processing Costs
E.H. Petersen and R.W. FraserAn assessment of the value of seasonal forecasting information for Western Australian farmers
Elizabeth Petersen, Steven Schilizzi, and David BennettAlternative agricultures under the Kyoto Protocol: An assessment of policy options for greenhouse gas abatement on mixed cropping enterprises in the Great Southern of Western Australia
John C.V. PezzeyFive exact definitions of income in a hyperbolic economy
John C.V. PezzeyHartwick's rule versus optimal growth
John C.V. Pezzey and John M. AnderiesSome further economics of Easter Island: adding subsistence and resource conservation
John C.V. Pezzey and N. Ross LambieDistributing the value of a country's tradeable carbon permits
Jo Pluske and Bob LindnerCanola – Where to from here?
Daneswar Poonyth, Johan van Zyl, and Nick VinkModelling the South African Agricultural Production Structure and Flexibility of Input Substitution
M.E. Qureshi, M.K. Wegener, K.L. Bristow, T. Mallawaarachchi, and P.B. CharlesworthEconomic evaluation of alternative irrigation practices for sugarcane production in the Burdekin Delta
M.E. Qureshi, M.K. Wegener, and F.M. MasonThe economics of sugar mill waste management in the Australian Sugar Industry: Mill mud case study
Gordon Rausser, Leo K. Simon, and Holly AmedenBiotechnology R&D in Developing Countries: Negotiating Public-Private Research Partnerships
Mike ReadDryland salinity – do we have the knowledge or capacity to manage the problem?
M. Reddy, P. Lal, and H. Lim-ApplegateFiji sugar industry and the land tenure dilemma: issues of efficiency, equity and national development
John RolfeAssessing demands for irrigation water in North Queensland
John Rolfe and Veronika ZeilMethane emissions from cattle production – Issues in meeting the Kyoto targets
G. Ronan and J. Landberg et alEvaluation the export growth strategy of the Aust. Pork industry
Günter Schamel and Kym AndersonWine Quality and Regional Reputation: Hedonic Price Equations for Australia and New Zealand
Steven SchilizziAccounting systems and environmental decision making: what costs, what benefits?
Fiona Scott and Bob FarquharsonWhole-farm models for northern NSW grain production systems
H. Smith and P. PaganCan Cover Cover Costs: An Economic Appraisal of Native Vegetation Management Options for Private Property in the Mid Lachlan
Alan Stevenson and Milton BoydLead Lag Relationships Between Resource Prices and Corresponding Resource Company Share Prices
Micki Stewart and James E. WilenA Two Sector Analysis of the Galápagos Marine Reserve
Gary Stoneham, Mark Eigenraam, Charlotte Duke, and Loris StrappazzonPermits, Auctions and Output
Loris StrappazzonWell-Being Indicators and Conceptual Models
Kecuk Suhariyanto and Colin ThirtleAgricultural Productivity in Asia: Convergence or Divergence?
Carolyn TannerQuarantine Reform and Market Access
Philip TaylorThe Importance of Industry Structure: Lessons from the Wine Industry
Ray TrewinThe Economics of Regulated Changes to the Australian Egg Industry
Francis C. TuanStructural Change in China’s Livestock Production and Its Trade Implications
Rod Tyers and Yongzheng YangGlobal Effects of a US Technology and Investment Shock: the Role of Capital-Skill Complementarity
Mujib Ullah, Oscar Cacho, and Phil SimmonsProperty Rights and Sustainable Land-use on a Salinity-affected Catchment
Stanton G. UllerichStructural Changes in Midwestern U.S. Farming: The New Zealand Experience Revisited?
M. van Bueren and J. BennettTesting alternative questionnaire formats for communicating trade-offs in environmental Choice Modelling
M. van Bueren and J. BennettTowards the development of a transferable set of value estimates for environmental attributes
Inus van Rooyen, Johann Kirsten, Johan van Rooyen, and Ray CollinsCompetitiveness of the South African and Australian Flower Industries
Johan van Zyl, Nick Vink, Barend Erasmus, and Albert van JaarsveldModelling the Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in South Africa: The Case of The Western Cape
John WhitleyMarket Structure Changes in Agriculture: Assessing the Costs and Benefits
S. WhittenIf you build them, will they pay? – Institutions for private sector nature conservation
S. Whitten and J. BennettA Travel Cost Study of Duck Hunting in the Upper South East of South Australia
S. Whitten and J. BennettValuing Alternative Wetland Management Strategies using Choice Modelling
Rukman Wimalasuriya and Mark EigenraamAn Agro-economic Model that Optimises Crop-Pasture-Fallow Rotations from all Theoretical Possibilities
Glyn Wittwer, W. Berger, and K. AndersonModelling the world wine market to 2005
Tinghui Xin, Malcolm Wegener, Michael O’Shea, and Ma DelingWorld distribution and trade in neem products with reference to establishing a potential industry in China
Shunli Yao and Kym AndersonGMOs and the World Trade: Implications for China as a WTO Member
Fengqin Zhao and Thomas I. WahlTrade Liberalization under WTO: Implications for US-China Grain Trade
Xueyan Zhao, John Mullen, and Garry GriffithSome Practical Issues in Economic Surplus Measurement in Multi-Market Models
Funing Zhong and Jing ZhuImpact of market integration on China's food security
Zhang-Yue Zhou and Wei-Ming TianChina’s Joining the WTO: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agribusiness Sector
Zhang-Yue Zhou, Wei-Ming Tian, Xi-An Liu, and Guang-Hua WanAn Issue of Debate: China’s Feedgrain Demand and Supply

Pre-conference Workshops


Discounting and Discount Rates in Theory and Practice

Discounting is an enduring problem for economists. As a discipline, we believe that it is an essential component of economic comparisons over time, but a number of practical and theoretical difficulties continue to confront us. In addition, discounting is perhaps the area of economics that generates the most disquiet and confusion outside the discipline.
In this one-day workshop we will tackle the discounting issue from a number of angles, ranging from relatively short-term private financial decisions, to very long-term public issues spanning generations. Leading economists have been invited to present reviews, perspectives and original ideas on discounting in theory and practice. There will be ample scope for questions and discussion.
The program features an outstanding array of speakers, including Professor Peter Barry (University of Illinois), co-author of "Present Value Models and Investment Analysis", and Professor Alan Randall (Ohio State University), author of "Resource Economics".
David Pannell and Steve Schilizzi, University of Western AustraliaIntroduction: What are the issues?
David Pannell, University of Western AustraliaAvoiding simplistic assumptions commonly made in discounting calculations
Bill Malcolm, University of MelbourneDiscounting: Practical problems and practical solutions
Peter Barry, University of Illinois, USATime attitudes and the cost of equity capital as components of discount rates
Greg Hertzler, University of Western AustraliaRisk, uncertainty and choice of discount rates
Alan Randall, Ohio State University, USADiscounting for public investments: The big picture
John Quiggin, Australian National UniversityPublic vs private discount rates
Mike Young, CSIROMaking decisions for the future: Economics of equity among generations
Steve Schilizzi, University of Western AustraliaLong term discounting: Why so many voices and so little consensus?

Agricultural Biotechnology: Markets and Policies in an International Setting

The advent of new crop and livestock technologies based on modern biotechnologies has been controversial (especially in Europe) but in other parts of the world as well. Some consumers are concerned about the consequences of eating foods containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and there are biosafety concerns about the effects of GMO crops on the environment. Strengthened intellectual property rights, rapid changes in the science underpinning agriculture, and a rise in the private role in agricultural research pose new policy questions for those who fund and conduct R&D. There are calls for moratoriums on the commercial release of GMOs, and even a questioning of continuing some of the research despite the exceptionally rapid acceptance of these technologies by farmers in the United States and other countries. The perspectives of developing countries, however, not least those of the 800 million food-insecure people, get little attention in the public and policy debates.
This one-day workshop will address some of the critical biotechnology policy issues, the resolution of which will have significant consequences for the future direction of agriculture. Many of these issues are the subject of ongoing debate in Australia, but they all have global aspects and consequences, and it is the international dimensions of these issues that will be highlighted in this workshop.
Session One: Looking Forward on a Global Scale (Moderator: Michael Taylor)
Per Pinstrup-AndersenRich and Poor Country Perspectives on Biotechnology
Sherman RobinsonGenetic Engineering and Trade: Panacea or Dilemma for Developing Countries
Richard JeffersonBiotechnology Trajectories
Brian FisherDiscussion opener
Session Two: Intellectual Property Policies and Practice (Moderator: Robert Lindner)
Brian WrightAddressing Freedom-to-Operate Questions for International R&D
Peter PhillipsPatent Strategies for Public and Private Agencies: Public Good Perspectives
Ron DuncanDiscussion opener
Session Three-A: Biotechnology Impacts: The Economic Evidence (Moderator: Jock Anderson)
Michele MarraAgricultural Biotechnology: A Critical Review of the Impact Evidence to Date
Richard GrayPotential Economic Impact of HT Wheat Production In Canada
Michael MorrisPotential Impacts of Biotechnology-assisted Selection on Plant Breeding Programs in Developing Countries
Erika MengSpatial Diversity in Modern Wheat: Applications to Biotechnology
Session Three-B: Regional Perspectives on Biotechnology Policies (Moderator: TBA)
Judith ChambersPrivate-Sector Thinking about Biotech for Africa
John SkerrittBiotechnology Policies for Asia: Current Activities and Future Options
Eduardo TrigoBiotechnology Policies for Latin America
Nicole BallengerSorting Out Industry and Government Roles in U.S. Markets for Biotech and Nonbiotech Crops
Session Four: Policy Roundtable (Moderator: Alan Richardson)
Panel: Jock Anderson, Walter Armbruster, Bob Richardson, and Paul Brennan
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